The Nile River is the largest river in Egypt and Africa, it is also the most famous river in the history all over the world. The river penetrates Egypt from south to north and divided into two branches that pours in the Mediterranean Sea, which are the Rosetta and Damietta branches.
The length of the river from its sources in the Lake Tanganyika up to its estuary in the Mediterranean Sea 6690 kilometers and covers an area of 1.9 million square kilometers and runs in ten countries, namely Tanzania - Kenya - Zaire - Burundi - Rwanda - Ethiopia - Eritrea - Uganda - Sudan - Egypt.
The Nile River is the first major source of irrigation water in Egypt, Therefore Herodotus said that “Egypt is the gift of the Nile”, as the rain is too little in Egypt and most of its territory is desert with no other sources of water. Farmers depend on the waters of the Nile completely either by its flooding or digging canals on both sides. Therefore, the Nile is the source of Egypt’s agricultural troubles as the source of agricultural prosperity.
The name of the Nile in the ancient Egyptian language is Ha - be, who often seen in the Egyptian Antiquities in two forms: first is the image of the God on one side, and the other image is on the other side, between the two sides there is a rope linking them together indicating that the Nile is linking Egypt together.
The ancient Egyptians honored the Nile in recognition of its value because the Nile saved their country from being part of the desert, and made him god offering sacrifices in special events and holidays.