Userkaf is the first king of the Fifth Dynasty, who constructed his pyramid at Saqqara area next to Zoser Step Pyramid of Saqqara, in addition to the temple of the sun god Ra. The name Userkaf means that the power is in his soul. His mother was Queen Neferhoteb but his father is not that famous However his grandfather was the next Pharaoh after King Cheops.
Userkaf ruled Egypt for seven years and he was the first to establish a relationship in the area of Aegean Sea also the kings to follow him were keen to consolidate their relation with the people of Aegean Sea. His funerary temple at Saqqara is decorated with wonderful decorations.